The Importance of Craft and Structure in Reading Texts
Standard four: Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative and figurative meanings and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning and tone.
Standard five: Analyze the structure of texts including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (eg. a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.
Standard six: Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.
Anchor standards four through six ask readers to think about why the author choose certain points of view, story structures, words, phrases, etc.
Some questions to consider:
- Why these particular choices?
- If the author had chosen different phrases of figurative meanings, would it have changed the tone or meaning of the writing? Why? Why not?
- Authors (and writers) have a lot of techniques from which to draw. So why did this author choose the techniques he/she did?
- Are there repeated words or phrases in the text? Why did the author repeat them? What makes them so important?
- Why was this story or text written from a certain point of view? How would it change the text if it was written from a different viewpoint? Or would it change the text?
- Look for symbolism in the text. Is there anything the author is trying to draw your attention to? Why?
Watch for more information on craft and structure in future posts.