CCSS Reading Standards: Craft and Structure

The Importance of Craft and Structure in Reading Texts

anchorStandards four through six fall into the next category of the CCRA.

Standard four:  Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative and figurative meanings and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning and tone.

Standard five: Analyze the structure of texts including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (eg. a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.

Standard six: Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.

Anchor standards four through six ask readers to think about why the author choose certain points of view, story structures, words, phrases, etc.

Some questions to consider:

  • Why these particular choices?
  • If the author had chosen different phrases of figurative meanings, would it have changed the tone or meaning of the writing?  Why?  Why not?
  • Authors (and writers) have a lot of techniques from which to draw.  So why did this author choose the techniques he/she did?
  • Are there repeated words or phrases in the text?  Why did the author repeat them? What makes them so important?
  • Why was this story or text written from a certain point of view?  How would it change the text if it was written from a different viewpoint?  Or would it change the text?
  • Look for symbolism in the text.  Is there anything the author is trying to draw your attention to?  Why?

Watch for more information on craft and structure in future posts.



About Lucy Salerno

I have been a resident of Fairfield for over 25 years and have 30 years’ teaching experience in California K – 6 schools. I have been a music teacher, band and choral director, elementary teacher in grades K – 6, a district level technology coordinator teaching, and an elementary school administrator. In 2011, my most recent school, Scandia Elementary, on Travis Air Force Base, was awarded the California Distinguished School Award for work and programs implemented under my watch. Because of my broad educational background, I know and understand what is needed in today's difficult educational environment. I have taught writing to children in numerous grades as a core subject as well as integrating writing into other curricula areas. I retired a few years ago from the Travis Unified School District, I love working with children, and am now dedicating my services and skills in support of your children. Through love and patience, I hope to understand a child's needs, meet them where they are, build self-confidence and develop a life-long love of learning.
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