Standard 7: Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.
Standard 8: Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence. (This standard only applies to Informational texts.)
Standard 9: Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.
Standards seven and nine are intended to help readers make connections across multiple texts or media. The comparisons do not necessarily have to all be on the same topic, but can also be within a series by the same author. The idea is to get students thinking. Students can compare books with movies and evaluate which they liked better and why. or compare topics, series, author’s viewpoints, themes, etc. Compare, evaluate and analyze a non-fiction and a fiction version on the same topic. Ask questions to get students thinking:
- I wonder why they left that out?
- Why did the authors choose to include this event or exclude that event?
- Which style do you like better? Why?
Older children, as well as adults, tend to have certain authors they really like. Compare the texts and analyze what it is about that author that grabs and keeps your attention. This skill will also help your students see the writer’s particular use of craft. Themes can be compared as well as contrasted. Ask students to think about other books that have a similar theme even if the topic might be different.
For younger children, it might be helpful to have a list of books that have also been made into movies. You may already have this list put together and show the movies before or after reading the book. Now, just have the students compare the two and answer questions such as:
- Which did you like better? Why?
- How were they different?
- Did the differences change the story line?
- Did the difference changes the personality of the main characters? How?