Students use drawing, dictating and writing to form a simple opinion such as, “I like this book because….”
Students introduce a book or topic, form an opinion and provide a reason for the opinion. Then some sense of closure is expected.
Now students are expected to provide at least two reasons using linking words such as: because, and, also…
Skills are now extended even more. 3rd graders must now have some sort of organizational structure (paragraph), multiple reasons, and linking words and phrases to connect the opinion and their reasons. The writing must now end with a concluding statement not just a sense of closure.
Everything from 3rd grade is expected and expanded. Related ideas must now be grouped into the organizational structure. Reasons are now supported by facts and details and must support the writer’s purpose.
Everything from 4th grade is once again expected and then expanded. Now, the ideas must be logically grouped within the structure.
Now the writing shifts from forming and supporting an opinion to writing arguments to support a claim. Reasons must be clear and relevant using credible sources. and must show they understand the topic. Clauses are used to link and clarify the relationships between claim and reasons.
Students in 7th grade are now expected to acknowledge alternate or opposing claims and organize the reasons and evidence logically.
Students now not only acknowledge alternate or opposing claims, they must also distinguish them from each other.
9th and 10th Grades
Students must develop claims, alternate, opposing, and counterclaims fairly using evidence that points out the strengths and weakness of each. The evidence must be presented in a manner that anticipates the audience’s knowledge level and concerns.
11th and 12th Grades
Arguments must now be precise, knowledgeable and significant. They are fairly and thoroughly developed and anticipate the audience’s knowledge level concerns, values, and possible biases.
Hopefully, this helps you to understand the continuous growth expected from Kindergarten to 12th grade in learning to write opinions and arguments! The words in bold are the added skills.